The Components of the Web

The Web refers to the collection of information that is accessible on the Internet. The information is in the form of text, pictures, and sound, which are arranged logically and stored on computers known as Web Servers. The Web is a very popular service on the Internet. Many people use the terms the Web and the Internet synonymously, but they are technically two different terms. The Internet connects multiple computers and forms a network on which a computer can communicate with another computer. However, the Web is a way of accessing and sharing information over the Internet by using Web browsers.

Web browser

A Web browser is a software program that enables you to view and interact with various resources on the Web and display both text and graphics. An example of a widely-used Web Browser is Microsoft Internet Explorer. Windows Internet Explorer 9 is available with Windows 7.

Some browsers, such as Internet Explorer 9, offer a feature called tabbed browsing to facilitate better Web browsing. Using tabs, you can view multiple Web sites in a single browser window and easily switch from one Web site to another.

Some Web sites may contain content in the form of animation, video, or audio files. To view these files, you need additional programs known as add-ons. An add-on is a software program that adds features to your browser and enhances your Internet experience. Add-ons provide added functions by allowing the Web browser to access and run files that are included in Web pages. For example, Microsoft Silverlight is a browser add-on that is required to view high-quality videos by using Web browsers.

Web site

A Web site is one or more Web pages that reside on a single server. This server is known as a Web Server and is connected to the Internet. The first Web page that is displayed when you access a Web site is known as the home page. Every Web site has a unique home page.

Web page

A Web page is a formatted text document that a Web browser can display. Most Web pages on the Internet allow you to navigate to other Web pages by clicking a hyperlink, commonly known as a link. Besides accessing existing Web pages, you can also create and publish new Web pages.

You can create Web pages by using a software language known as Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). Web browsers use HTML to display Web pages. Hypertext is a method of linking text with other text that helps you to easily browse through related non-sequential topics on the same page or on other Web pages.

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