Explore Websites Using a Browser

You can use the Internet to find information on a range of services, such as transferring files between Internet users, sending messages through electronic mail, and browsing for recent news and information in Web sites. You can also use the Internet and its services to search and apply for jobs, watch movies, and buy and sell products. Let’s have look at using two common web browsers, Firefox and Internet Explorer. All web browsers are relatively similar.

Open the web browser by double-clicking on the icon on your desktop or right-clicking the icon and choosing “Open.”

Once the browser is open, locate the Address Bar, which is where the URL (website address) is typed in. When you start your browser the address bar will be located at the top of the browser itself and the URL in the Address Bar will usually begin with “http://www.”

Now look at the icons that are close to the Address Bar. For example, there will usually be a “Page Back” and “Page Forward” button, usually indicated by a forward and backward arrow. There may even be a picture or icon that will stand for “Home Page,” which is the first web page that is viewed when the web browser is opened.

Above the web browser’s icons that you’ve just looked at, you’ll notice a series of help menus, such as “File,” “Edit,” “View,” “History,” “Bookmarks” or “Favourites,”, as well as “Tools,” and “Help.” All of these menus are placed there because they may be able to help you at one time or the other. For example, clicking once on “Bookmarks” or “Favourites” will show you a list of all the websites that you have placed in your “Favourite” list.

Two important things to know how to do are to get to a specific website destination of your choice and make that website one of your “Favorites” or “Bookmarks.”We’ll start with navigating to a specific website of your choice. If you have a specific URL of a website in mind then feel free to use that. For this example, we’ll use the Google Search Engine home page. In the Address Bar which is located at the top of the web browser, type in the full URL of the website you would like to go to. In this example, we’ll type in “http://www.google.com.” After you’ve typed in the full URL, either press “Enter” on the keyboard or click on the arrow icon or “Go” button located at the very right end of the Address Bar. After you have done that the website should appear on your web browser’s screen.

We will now put this website, the website of your choice or in this example we’re using www.google.com, in your “Favourites” or “Bookmarks” list. Click on the “Bookmark” or “Favourites” menu at the top of the web browser and choose the option that says either, “Bookmark this page,” or “Add to favourites.” Your website is now in the “Favourites” or “Bookmarks” list and all you will need to do to get back to that website is to click on the “Bookmarks” or “Favourites” menu again and click on the website that you have favourited or bookmarked.

You have just learned how to do two very important tasks in two of the most popular web browsers that are used for navigating the internet. For any other help that is needed, the web browser’s own “Help” section can be read by clicking on the “Help” menu at the top of the web browser and choosing the browser help section. In Mozilla Firefox, this section is called “Help Contents,” while in Microsoft’s Internet Explorer it is called “Contents and Index.”

Next: Search the Web for Reliable Information